First Step Act (FSA)*
* While these programs were initially meant for those already incarcerated, there may be specific ones that could benefit and help your clients transition into the prison system. Proactively understanding the nuances of the FSA is both complicated and unfortunately constantly ever-changing, but can still prove to be worthwhile.
Its ability to create a better environment during their incarceration (while hard to conceive), and to potentially (albeit not in stone) shorten their time in prison, is possible. This may go a long way in relieving some of the fears that your client and their family are going through.
- If your client is a young male approximately 32 years old facing their first federal sentence,
- The BRAVE Program is designed for young males
- Predicted to serve at a BOP USP Medium Institution, facing 60 months
- The program’s goal is to facilitate favorable adjustment and reduce incidents of misconduct.
- Or, if your client has a drug or alcohol offense, on their own, did they seek out (without any expectations from the court) and start either,
Referencing the specific EBRR programs and/or structured PA below, especially the ones with limited availability in their PSR, (done before the PSI) could demonstrate good faith on the part of your client and significantly affect your client’s future.
I) FSA Needs Assessment Components: EBRR and PA’s
- Anger | Hostility (2022) Temperamental and antisocial personality, including anger and hostility.
- Cognitions (2022) assessed by the Measures of Criminal Attitudes and Associates (MCAA; Mills & Kroner, 2001) assessment. The MCAA is used to assess the needs of Antisocial Peers and Cognition.
- Dyslexia need must be assessed with measures that meet certain specifications outlined in the FSA. The BOP instituted a two-phase screening process. First, all inmates complete a screening instrument that examines symptoms across functional domains. Inmates who reach the threshold are then administered the Woodcock Johnson IV, a reliable and psychometrically robust test capable of formal diagnosis.
- Education (2022) The Education Need is assessed by the presence or absence of a high school diploma or its equivalent. Measures used for assessing the literacy level are the Test of Adult Base Education (TABE) and the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessments (CASAS).
- FAMILY/PARENTING (2022) Research has found links between family environment and criminal lifestyle.
- FINANCE/POVERTY (2022) There is a direct correlation between poverty and criminality.
- MEDICAL 2022, is assessed through a history drawn from PSI (which is drawn from the PSR) documents, and an in-person interview and physical performed by a medical practitioner at a BOP institution.
- MENTAL HEALTH 2022 Psychology Services Inmate Questionnaire (PSIQ)
- RECREATION/LEISURE/FITNESS 2022
- SUBSTANCE USE 2022, associated with criminality.
- TRAUMA is assessed using the Adverse Childhood Experiences Scale.
- WORK [vocational training and job readiness programs, for example2019 FCI Englewood Computer-Aided Design (CAD)]
II) EBRR, Evidence-Based Recidivism Reduction
- Anger Management (2022) Anger Management is a cognitive-behavioral curriculum designed to help individuals better manage their anger.
- Apprenticeship Training (2022) Apprenticeship training prepares the student for employment in various trades through structured programs underneath a journeyman in that trade, approved at the state and national levels by the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, U.S. Department of Labor.
- Assert Yourself for Female Offenders (2022) In this program, women learn to be assertive while respecting the boundaries of others.
- Basic Cognitive Skills (2022) participants are taught basic concepts of cognitive-behavioral therapy, including the Five Rules for Rational Thinking and the use of Rational Self-Analysis (RSA).
- BUREAU LITERACY PROGRAM (2022) The literacy curricula consist of an Adult Basic Education To Pass The General Educational Development (GED) Exam.
- BRAVE Program ** (2022), Bureau Rehabilitation and Value Enhancement Program– a cognitive-behavioral, residential psychology counseling treatment program for young males serving 1st sentence, to create a smoother adjustment to prison. Medium Security, 32 years or younger with a sentence of 60 years or more.
- Certification Course Training (2022) This program falls under three broad categories: 1) Apprenticeship Training, 2) Certification Course Training, and 3) Vocational Training.
- Challenge (2022) ** – a program for male inmates in Penitentiary (High Security) facilities. Treats those with substance abuse and/or mental illness disorders (psychotic, mood, anxiety, or personality).
- Cognitive Processing Therapy (2022) Cognitive Processing Therapy is an evidence-based intervention for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
- Criminal Thinking (2022) The purpose of the Criminal Thinking program is to help the participants see how their past decisions have negatively impacted their lives.
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy (2022) for individuals who engage in self-directed violence, such as self-cutting, suicidal thoughts, urges, and suicide attempts.
- Emotional Self-Regulation (2022) Emotional Self-Regulation helps participants explore the emotions and patterns of behavior, and learn strategies for managing difficult emotions.
- Federal Prison Industries, FPI (UNICOR) 2022 – preparing for successful reentry through job training.
- Visit UNICOR / BOP.gov.
- Female Integrated Treatment (FIT) Program ** (2022) For female inmates with substance use, trauma (PTSD), and other mental illnesses. For those who are eligible for RDAP, this program is now available onsite so there is no need for an extra needless transfer.
- Foundation Program (2022) For women 1st entering the BOP, helping them consider programs and services to ensure positive changes during their stay. The Change Plan (PA) works on the goals that were established in the Foundation.
- Illness Management and Recovery (2022) IMR is considered a front-line intervention for the treatment of serious mental illness.
- Life Connections Program (LCP) 2022 – a residential faith-based program, not religion specific.
- Mental Health Step Down Program ** (2022) This is a residential program offering an intermediate level of care for inmates with serious mental illness, who do not require inpatient treatment but lack the skills to function in the general population.
- Money Smart for Adults (2022) An instructor-led course that covers basic financial topics.
- Money Smart for Older Adults (2022) Provides awareness among older adults on how to prevent elder financial exploitation and encourages advance planning as you age.
- National Parenting From Prison Program (2022) Is a two-phase model, focusing on services for incarcerated parents. Phase I focuses on parenting basics. Phase II focuses on specific parenting needs such as parenting an incarcerated mother, father, grandparent or parenting a child with a disability.
- Non-Residential Drug Abuse Program, (2022) – a program requirement for supervised release or through judicial recommendation; where there is a substance abuse offense.
- Post Secondary Education Program (2022) College-level classes are provided by credentialed instructors from the community who deliver coursework leading to either the Associate or Bachelor’s degree.
- Residential Drug Abuse Program, RDAP ** (2022) – an intensive treatment program where offenders experience living in a pro-social community. Available in Spanish. 2018 Current RDAP Locations.
- Resolve Program (2022) – a program for those with a Mental Health Diagnosis-related to trauma. Designed to decrease the incidence of trauma-related psychological disorders – to improve a person’s (male or female) level of functioning.
- Seeking Safety (Female) and Seeking Strength (Male) (2022) This intervention teaches inmates to manage and decrease symptoms and gain control over both disorders by addressing current life problems.
- Sex Offender Treatment Program, Residential (SOTP-R) 2022, a history of multiple sexual offenses, and/or a high level of sexual deviancy.
- Sex Offender Treatment Program Non-Residential (SOTP-NR) 2022, has a history of a single sexual offense and many may be first-time offenders serving a sentence for an Internet-based sexual crime.
- STAGES Program, Residential ** (2022) A residential Psychology Treatment Program for inmates with a diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder.
- Skills Program, Residential ** (2022) A program for inmates with intellectual disabilities, neurological deficits, and social deficiencies (ie: Autistic). Participation can be at the beginning of their incarceration but can be at any time and ongoing.
- Social Skills Training (2022) Although designed for individuals suffering from schizophrenia, this resource is appropriate for any inmate with moderate social skills deficits.
- Threshold Program (2022) The Threshold Program is a non-residential faith-based reentry program, like the more intensive Life Connections Program, it is open to inmates across the BOP regardless of religious affiliation.
- Vocational Training (2022) This program combines three broad categories: 1) Apprenticeship Training, 2) Certification Course Training, and 3) Vocational Training.
- Woman’s Career Exploration Series (2022) Teaches strategies to help women succeed in the workplace and offers insights to assist women to overcome employment barriers and move forward toward success in a long-term career.
- Women’s Basic Financial Literacy Program (2022) This program targets the financial deficits incarcerated women face as they prepare for reentering back into society.
**RESIDENTIAL (MODIFIED THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITY)
III) PA, Productive Activities
- A Healthier Me 2022, helps incarcerated women build healthy lifestyles
- A Matter of Balance 2022, decreasing fall-related fears
- AARP Foundation Finances 50+ (2022), provides financial education and counseling
- Access 2022, is designed for incarcerated women who are survivors of domestic violence.
- Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) Support Group 2022, reduces the likelihood of problematic drinking behaviors.
- Aleph Institute 2022, Correspondence Course program, offers a wide array of learner-friendly materials, from a Hebrew Reading and Writing Course to the mystical teachings of the Kabbalah.
- Arthritis Foundation Walk with Ease 2022, is a six-week program that teaches participants how to safely make physical activity part of everyday life.
- Beyond Violence: Prevention Program for Criminal-Justice Involved Women 2022, assist women in understanding trauma, the aspects of anger
- Brain Health as You Age: You Can Make A Difference! Improve memory and decision-making 2022, brain health and its impact on memory, judgment, decision-making, and overall physical health,
- Brief CBT for Suicidal Individuals 2022, developed for individuals who are at risk of suicide.
- CBT for Eating Disorders 2022, focuses on behavioral monitoring, body image concerns, and the development of new skills.
- CBT for Insomnia 2022, helps to identify maladaptive thoughts and behaviors that can lead to persistent insomnia.
- CBT for Prison Gambling 2022, helps individuals assess their prison gambling behavior and to develop the commitment to quit.
- Change Plan 2022, focuses on the goal established in Foundation, participants identified three positive changes they wanted to make during incarceration.
- Circle of Strength 2022, designed specifically for women in Federal Detention Centers or other short-term settings encouraging social support.
- Dyslexia 2022, a learning disorder most commonly caused by difficulty in phonological processing, is the number one cause of illiteracy.
- Disabilities Education Program (DEP) 2022, is designed specifically for inmates living with physical disabilities while in institutions of varying security levels and focusing on reentry concerns.
- Drug Education 2022, encourages participants with a history of drug use to consider the consequences of their drug use
- Embracing Interfaith Cooperation 2022, The goal of this program is to provide an effective strategy for countering religious discrimination and extremism.
- English-as-a-Second Language 2022, English language education study program for non-native speakers
- Federal Prison Industries (FPI) Lean Basic Training 2022,
- Franklin Covey 7 Habits on the Inside 2022, addresses interpersonal skills impacting relationships.
- Getting to Know Your Healthy Aging Body 2022, discusses changes in organs, physique, and other physiological processes as we age.
- Health and Wellness Throughout the Lifespan 2022, This program addresses the psychological effects of stress and aging.
- Healthy Steps for Older Adults 2022, The goal of the program is to prevent falls, promote health, and ensure that older adults remain independent
- Hooked on Phonics 2022, a program that aids in combating Dyslexia as well as low-level readers – includes a high percentage of familiar patterns that gives the student the opportunity to read for meaning.
- Houses of Healing: A Prisoner’s Guide to Inner Power and Freedom 2022, teaches emotional literacy skills, and the ability to perceive, understand and communicate emotions with self and to others.
- K2 Awareness Program 2022, educate them about the risks of drug use, motivate them to seek drug treatment
- Living a Healthy Life with Chronic Conditions 2022, designed for older adults impacted by chronic conditions
- Managing Your Diabetes 2022, manage their chronic disease.
- Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy 2022, is a group intervention aimed at preventing relapse in individuals who have a history of depression and anxiety.
- Narcotics Anonymous 2022, reduces the likelihood of future drug use.
- National Diabetes Prevention Program 2022, is a program to assist at-risk and older adults in living healthier lifestyles and increasing physical activity.
- PEER 2022, Personal Education & Enrichment Resources support group is designed for inmates living with cognitive and physical disabilities while in institutions of varying security levels.
- Pu’a Foundation Reentry Program 2022, a trauma-informed care program for female inmates at FDC Honolulu grounded in Hawaiian culture.
- Resilience Support [VETERANS], 2022, provides resilience-building skills to veteran inmates of all uniformed services encouraging peer and social support, emphasizes positive interpersonal relationships, physical and mental wellness, the discovery of life purpose and meaning, self-compassion, and personal growth
- Service Fit [VETERANS], 2022, supports a healthy lifestyle while encouraging social and peer support among participants.
- Sexual Self-Regulation (SSR) 2022, self-management skills to gain effective control over deviant sexual urges and behaviors.
- Soldier On [VETERANS], 2022, for veterans living in varying security levels.
- Square One: Essentials for Women 2022, basic life skills program for female offenders, who meet the needs of lower functioning women or those who have not lived or worked independently.
- START NOW 2022, to treat offenders with behavioral disorders and associated behavioral problems and includes a gender-responsive program developed specifically for female offenders.
- Supported Employment 2022, is designed to carefully match seriously mentally ill (SMI) individuals with competitive job opportunities suitable to their interests and abilities
- Talking with Your Doctor: Guide for Older Adults 2022, how to prepare for a medical appointment, discuss health concerns; identify appropriate assisted living…
- Trauma Education 2022, Trauma in Life (for females) and Traumatic Stress and Resilience (for males) – designed to be educational
- Ultra Key 6: The Ultimate Keyboarding Tutor 2022, proper typing technique
- Understanding Your Feelings: Shame and Low Self Esteem 2022, helps women evaluate the role of shame and low self-esteem in their lives
- Victim Impact: Listen and Learn 2022, A rehabilitative program that puts “victims first.”
- Wellness Recovery Action Plan 2022, teaches individuals with a serious mental illness to maintain their recovery through wellness activities
- Women in the 21st Century Workplace 2022, address the workforce and soft skills of women with longer sentences
- Women’s Aging: Aging Well 2022, for incarcerated women ages 45 and up, finding and purpose, physical health, mental and emotional well-being, healthy relationships, and future planning
- Women’s Relationships 2022, developing healthy, prosocial relationships with friends, family, and acquaintances.
- Women’s Relationships II 2022, This seven-part gender-responsive and trauma-informed series for women examines the relationships of incarcerated women
- Women’s Reflections Group 2022, targets women who are struggling to make good choices, a safe and comfortable place where they can process problems and emotional concerns they are experiencing and gain the tools needed to work toward solving these problems.
EBRR, Sex Offender Programs:
- Sex Offender Treatment Program Residential, SOTP‐R (2022)– a program for high-risk sex offenders, available during the last 36 months of their sentence. Have a history of: multiple sex crimes, excessive non-sexual criminal history, have a high level of sexual deviancy or hyper-sexuality.
- Sex Offender Treatment Program: Nonresidential, SOTP‐NR (2022) is a program for low to moderate first-time sex offenders with a single history of Internet Sex Crime. Intended to identify offenders who are likely to re-offend.
Psychology Internship Programs are available at Butner N.C.
- Sex Offender, Butner’s Sex Offender Treatment Program [Page 11] -(Butner Doctoral Psychology Internship 2018/2019)
- Commitment and Treatment Program for Sexually Dangerous Persons
- FCI Butner’s SOTP was recently replaced by the Commitment and Treatment Program (CTP) for Sexually Dangerous Persons (i.e., treatment for civilly committed offenders), which is responsible for the psychological treatment of the inmate, implementation of behavior management plans, and coordination of the multidisciplinary treatment team. Treatment is holistic and multidimensional with the ultimate goal of reducing sexual dangerousness and criminal recidivism potential.
- The Forensic Evaluation Service conducts psychological evaluations and provides documentation pursuant to civil commitment hearings, subsequent progress reviews, and other reports.
- Butner FMC Services-Healthcare in Federal Prison
- Inpatient Forensic program at the FMC accepts inmates at the discretion of the federal courts for various pre-and post-trial forensic evaluations (e.g., competence, sanity, violence risk), for voluntary hospitalization for mental health treatment, or subject to federal quasi-criminal commitment. Staff, including interns (with supervision), provide expert testimony in federal courts throughout the United States when called upon to do so.
- The behavioral Medicine program involves working with inmates who present with psychophysiological disorders, psychological factors affecting their physical conditions, and/or physical conditions that have psychological sequelae. Staff may provide group and individual treatment for psychophysiological disorders, including hypertension, chronic pain, tension and migraine headaches, anxiety disorders, etc., and inmates with terminal or severe diseases, such as cancer, heart disease, and AIDS. Staff also assist in the implementation of the Palliative Care Program for terminally ill patients nearing death.
- Commitment and Treatment Program for Sexually Dangerous Persons
For additional information on these programs: Contact the Reentry Services Division (RSD) by sending an email to: BOP-RSD-NRB-FSA@BOP.GOV. Sarah Qureshi, Office of General Counsel, Bureau of Prisons, phone (202) 353-8248.
It appears that parts of the First Step Act may not yet be 100% up and running uniformly across all BOP (and contracted) facilities since its 2018 creation.