Federal Prison Industries Program (UNICOR)

Program Description The mission of Federal Prison Industries, (FPI) Inc. is to protect society and reduce crime by preparing inmates for successful reentry through job training. FPI (also known by its trade name UNICOR) is a critical component of the Bureau’s comprehensive efforts to improve inmate reentry. By providing inmates the skills needed to join the workforce upon release, FPI reduces recidivism and helps curb the rising costs of corrections. FPI was established in 1934 by statute and executive order to provide opportunities for training and work experience to federal inmates (18 U.S.C. § 4121, et seq.). FPI does not rely on tax dollars for support; its operations are completely self-sustaining. FPI is overseen by a Presidentially-appointed Board of Directors. It is one of the Bureau’s most critical programs in support of reentry and recidivism reduction.
Time Frame Employment opportunities are dependent upon institutional needs, FPI requirements, and the inmate employment waiting list.
Admission Criteria Inmate workers are ordinarily hired through waiting lists. A renewed emphasis has been placed on the use of job share and half-time workers. This will allow for an increase in the number of inmates who benefit from participating in the FPI program. FPI has placed emphasis on prioritizing inmates on the waiting list within two years of release for available FPI positions, with the aim these inmates should be hired at least six months prior to release. FPI has also placed an emphasis on prioritizing inmates on the waiting list who are military veterans, as well as those with financial responsibilities.
Program Content FPI is, first and foremost, a correctional program. Its impetus is helping inmates acquire the skills necessary to successfully make the transition from prison to law-abiding, tax paying, productive members of society. The production of items and provision of services are necessary by-products of those efforts, as FPI does not receive any appropriated funds for operation.
Empirical Support Rigorous research, as outlined in the Post-Release Employment Project (PREP Study), demonstrates participation in prison industries and vocational training programs has a positive effect on postrelease employment and recidivism. The research revealed inmates who worked in prison industries were 24% less likely to recidivate than non-program participants and 14% more likely to be gainfully employed. These programs had an even greater positive impact on minority inmates who are at a greater risk of recidivism.
Applicable Policies 8120.02 Work Programs for Inmates – FPI
1600.10 Environmental Management Systems
5180.05 Central Inmate Monitoring System
5251.06 Work and Performance Pay Program, Inmate
5290.14 Admission and Orientation Program
5353.01 Occupational Education Programs
5350.28 Literacy Program (GED Standard)
5380.08 Financial Responsibility Program, Inmate
8000.01 UNICOR Corporate Policy and Procedures
Institution Locations The Federal Prison Industries Program is available at the following facilities::

Mid-Atlantic Region North Central Region
Males
FCI Ashland, KY (L)
FCI Beckley, WV (M)
FCC Butner, NC (L, M)
FCI Cumberland, MD (M)
FCI Gilmer, WV (M)
FMC Lexington, KY (A)
FCI Manchester, KY (M)
FCI Memphis, TN (M)
FCC Petersburg, VA (L, M)
Males
FCI Englewood, CO (L)
FCI Greenville, IL (M)
USP Leavenworth, KS (M)
USP Marion, IL (M)
FCI Milan, MI (L)
FCI Sandstone, MN (L)
FCC Terre Haute, IN (M, H)Females
FCI Waseca, MN (L)
Northeast Region Western Region
Males
FCC Allenwood, PA (L, M, H)
FCI Elkton, OH (L)
FCI Fairton, NJ (M)
FCI Fort Dix, NJ (L)
USP Lewisburg, PA (H)
FCI Schuylkill, PA (M)
Males
USP Atwater, CA (H)
FCC Lompoc, CA (M, H)
FCI Phoenix, AZ- (M)
FCI Safford, AZ (L)
FCI Sheridan, OR (M)
FCI Terminal Island, CA (L)
FCC Tucson, AZ (M, H)
FCC Victorville, CA (M, H)Females
FCI Dublin, CA (L)
South Central Region Southeast Region
Males
FCI Bastrop, TX (L)
FCC Beaumont, TX (L, M, H)
FCI El Reno, OK (M)
FCC Forrest City, AR (L, M)
FCI La Tuna, TX (L)
FCC Oakdale, LA (M)
FCC Pollock, LA (M, H)
FCI Seagoville, TX (L)
FCI Texarkana, TX (L)Females
FPC Bryan, TX (M)
Males
USP Atlanta, GA (M)
FCC Coleman, FL (L, M, H)
FCI Edgefield, SC (M)
FCI Jesup, GA (M)
FCI Marianna, FL (M)
FCI Miami, FL (L)
FPC Montgomery, AL (m)
FPC Pensacola, FL (m)
FCI Talladega, AL (M)
FCC Yazoo City, MS (L, M, H)Females
FCI Tallahassee, FL (L)